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SMC|Student Services|Disability Resources|What are Learning Disabilities?

What are Learning Disabilities?

DEFINITION:

Learning disabilities are learning differences which may interfere with the ability to understand,
remember, and/or use information. The effects are quite individual, but it is generally accepted
that these difficulties create a gap between a person’s true capacity and his or her day-to-day
performance and productivity.           

These learning differences may include difficulties with

  • Attention or concentration
  • Memory
  • Visual and/or Auditory processing
  • Spatial orientation
  • Language
  • Reasoning
  • Sequencing

These problems with learning are not a result of factors such as educational disadvantage,
emotional/psychological disturbance, physical disabilities or limited ability.

Students with learning disabilities experience frustrations with learning that make school difficult
even though they have the aptitude to succeed.

DIAGNOSIS AND ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES:

Both Cognitive and Achievement testing must be administered to determine the students eligibility
for services from the Learning Disabilities Program.

Testing must have been conducted within the last 3 years in order to be considered valid. The
LD program at SMC provides an 8-week assessment workshop.

The student must meet certain eligibility criteria in order to be considered eligible for accom-modations
and services.

  • Intake Screening -  in which the student gives information about current problems,
    personal/educational history, goals, past difficulties, etc.
  • Measured Achievement - The LD student has a pattern of strengths and weaknesses.
    This is intended to identify areas of school or employment success, and to better distinguish
    the LD student from the "low achiever".
  • Ability Level – to determine student’s potential for success in general at the community
    college level.
  •  Processing Deficit - to evaluate the student's weaknesses in acquiring, integrating, storing,
    retrieving and/or expressing information.
  •  Aptitude-Achievement discrepancy – to identify areas where the student's achievement is
    significantly less than that of his peers with the same ability level.

 

COMMON CHARACTERISTICS OF LD COLLEGE STUDENTS:

Following is only a partial list of difficulties that LD college students often experience. These problems
persist even though the student has had adequate academic instruction or remediation.

       Reading:

  • Slow reading rate
  • Poor comprehension and retention
  • Difficulty identifying main ideas
  • Poor mastery of phonics, de-coding difficulties
  • Difficulty integrating new vocabulary

       Written Language:

  • Difficulty with sentence structure
  • Frequent spelling and/or grammar errors
  • Inability to copy from book or blackboard
  • Poor penmanship

       Oral Language Skills:

  • Inability to concentrate on and/or comprehend language
  • Difficulty orally expressing ideas which he/she seems to understand
  • Written expression is better than oral
  • Cannot tell a story in proper sequence

       Math Skills:

  • Incomplete mastery of basic math facts
  • Reverses numbers, confuses symbols
  • Copies problems incorrectly one line to another
  • Difficulty recalling sequence of operational processes
  • Inability to understand or retain abstract concepts.
  • Difficulty with word problems

       Organization and Study Skills:

  • Time management difficulties
  • Slow to start and complete tasks
  • Difficulty following oral and/or written directions
  • Lack of overall organization in notes and essays
  • Short attention span/inability to listen to lectures

Do you suspect that you might have a learning disability?