CART stands for Communication Access Real-time Translation and may also be referred to as real-time captioning. It is used by hard of hearing and deaf people who use English as their first language or their preferred language for instruction. Often, the hard of hearing or deaf person will voice for him or herself and use CART to understand what others are saying. One or two captioners (depending on the length/intensity of the assignment) will be in the classroom or assignment location. They use a court reporting stenography machine, laptop computer, and software to display everything that is being said, word or word. The text is displayed on the computer for the student to see, in real time, what is being said.